Use the checklist below to know if your child’s speech and language development is progressing age adequately.

By one year

Gestures and/ or vocalizes to indicate wants and needs

By two years

Combines two or more words in to phrase

By three years

Asks simple questions

By four years

Tells two events in order of sequences

By five years

Tells a long story accurately

 Receptive Language Disorders

Children with receptive language delays have difficulties understanding what people say to them or ask them. As a result,

  • They may not pay attention when people call out their names
  • Do not respond or interact with peers and grown ups
  • May seem restless or over active
  • Do not follow instructions
  • May repeat the question instead of providing an answer. For example when asked “What is your name?”. Might repeat the question “What is your name?” instead of giving the name. This is a type of echolalia which is often seen in children with Autism.

 Expressive Language Disorder

Children with receptive language delays have difficulties in expressing their needs, ask questions, or even say a “no” to something they don’t want or, are disinterested in. In other they are unable to put their thought in to words. Challenges in not being able to express emotions, needs and wants can result in,

  • Aggressive behavior
  • Restlessness
  • Increased anxiety
  • Depression
  • Word finding difficulties (go around to answer appropriately due to limited vocabulary)
  • Difficulty in using grammatically correct sentences (syntax)
  • Use memorized sentences

 Childhood Apraxia of Speech

Childhood apraxia of speech is a neurological speech sound disorders that affects a child’s ability to produce words and sentences accurately and consistently with correct rhythm of speech. Common signs and symptoms include, but are not limited to the following:

  • Limited or no babbling during early childhood years. Child may never learn to say a words or use only a few sounds and gestures to communicate.
  • Inconsistent errors
  • Increased errors with more complex words and phrases
  • Difficulty to produce words on demand
  • Monotonous speech
  • General awkwardness/ clumsiness

 Unclear Speech

When a child’s speech is unintelligible to the listener it is considered unclear and requires professional help. Several factors contribute to reduced speech clarity in children, which includes, not limited to:

  • Reduced rate of pronged oral airflow for connected speech
  • Weakness/ paresis of the oral motor structures (jaw, lip, tongue, soft palate)
  • Poor dentition
  • Oral sensory challenges

Our Speech Language Pathologists can help improve oral air flow for connected speech , strengthen and normalise oral motor structures to improve speech clarity.

 Stuttering/ Stammering

Stuttering is a speech sound disorder in which the fluency of speech is disrupted with prolongations of sounds, blocks and/ or silent pauses.

 Young children may stutter when their speech and language abilities aren't developed enough to keep up with what they want to say. Most children outgrow this developmental stuttering.

 Connect with us for an appointment if,

  • Stuttering prolongs for more than six months
  • Onset is after four years of age
  • Occurs with other speech and language problems
  • Causes anxiety, fear or avoidance of situations where speaking is required
  • Occurs with muscle tightening or visible struggles to speak


Reading is an extension of language coding and comprehension. Children with speech and language delays may have problems with reading and reading comprehension.

 Research suggests that a majority of children with speech and language delays may eventually be diagnosed with dyslexia or reading difficulties, if intervention is tarried. In other words speech and language skills are a strong indicator to future reading abilities in children.

 Our Speech Language Pathologists will help assess, set goals and provide reading intervention for children with reading difficulties

 Autism/ ADHD/ Down Syndrome/ Cerebral Palsy

Children with a diagnosis of Autism, ADHD, DS, CP and other developmental delays will benefit from our speech and language intervention.


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